Autism Treatment That Collaborates!
One of the most frequent questions about our children's Applied Behavioral Analysis therapy services is what can be expected during the initial visit. We understand your concerns. Autism therapy can be daunting to some families - especially when dealing with the plethora of challenges that autism can create in the family unit. These complex issues are where NYPTS is here to help. Not only do we evaluate the needs of the child but also the needs of the family and assign you a skilled BCBA therapist to help!
When you have your first appointment with NYPTS, expect a "Who, What, When, Where, Why?' session. In psychological jargon, this step is called "functional behavior assessment." During this step of the evaluation, your BCBA (Board Certified Behavior Analyst) therapist will talk and observe interactions with your family to see what skills your child possesses and which ones they need help to develop. The Behavioral Therapist will inquire with your family about the child's abilities, strengths, and challenges. They will then interact with your child and observe their communication, behavior, and life skills.
This process means that your BCBA therapist must be a bit of a detective and figure out the behavioral challenges and how to treat them effectively. The Behavioral Therapist assigned to your case will be looking for ways to collaborate with you and your family to find the most productive path to success for your autistic child.
Add Functional To Your Family's Vocabulary!
It is often seen that children with autism can learn various functional and social skills with the successful application of Applied Behavioral Analysis therapy. One of the goals of our first therapy session is to start your autistic child on this path that will lead to a more rewarding life. You will find that your child's needs are uniquely addressed when working with one of our BCBA therapists.
During the initial session, your child's Behavioral Therapist will focus on and observe your child's social skills, communication, reading, and academic skills. They will also assess your autistic child's adaptive learning skills such as motor dexterity, hygiene, grooming, domestic capabilities, punctuality, and job completion competence.
The early presentation of ABA therapy has proven that it can significantly improve behaviors and skills and decrease the need for special services. At NYPTS, we understand that your goals for your child are not just the here and now. We know that your child's development is a significant concern for your family far into the future. This foresight allows your child's Behavioral Therapist to address all of the needs of your autistic child and help them live a life of success!
PROVEN ABA TECHNIQUES THAT LAST A LIFETIME!
Our trained ABA therapists will begin to use the following techniques to assist your child in their productivity:
- Positive Reinforcement - A child with learning or social disabilities may not know how to respond in certain situations to certain people. A properly trained professional will implement positive reinforcement immediately to encourage this behavior in the future.
- Negative Reinforcement: Often, a child will not act appropriately in any given situation. When this happens, the caregiver must immediately correct the behavior. An excellent way to correct bad behavior is to punish the child using various techniques showing adverse outcomes.
- Prompting and Fading - Prompts are visual or verbal cues to encourage positive interactions. Verbal cues are gentle reminders of the desired result of the child's interaction. Visual cues are greatly less direct and might be gestures or look given to the child. The child observes this cue and will be reminded to behave appropriately. The prompts can be a learning experience because they are typically not intimidating or accusatory to the autistic child.
- Analysis - This interaction is a model to help observe the interactions with the child instead of correcting or reinforcing negative behavior. A BCBA therapist will give a child a task and watch how they perform it. The analysis is analyzed and evaluated by several categories, which will then tell the Behavioral Therapist how to proceed.
- Generalization - This is a model to help the child learn. The Behavioral Therapist will take what the child has learned in one setting and apply it to other settings and environments.
- Behavior Contracts - Applied behavior analysts often use verbal or written contracts to teach children appropriate behaviors for particular settings. Behavior contracts are plans negotiated between the autistic child and the Behavioral Therapist. Behavior contracts list the positive behavior that the therapist wants to experience. Putting behavioral expectations in writing with rewards can help motivate children with many forms of behavioral issues.
- Video Modeling - Since the 1980s and the invention of modern technology, applied behavior analysis research techniques have proven the benefits of video modeling. This applied behavior therapy technique encourages children to learn appropriate behaviors by watching others interact. Video modeling practices show the child how to behave and complete an activity by observing others doing the same task. The hope is that children will copy others and carry out desired behavioral interactions. Children with autism are particularly good at parroting people's behaviors, and this technique has been proven very helpful.
- Picture Exchange Communication Systems - Young children in ABA therapy usually struggle to express their wants and feelings or have problems communicating. Picture Exchange communication card systems are another applied behavior analysis tool in the therapist's toolbox. Developed by the Delaware Autism Program, PECSs are cards with graphics that convey simple terms or ideas for the autistic child. PECs are simple communication cards that children can point to and add another form of communication to their skills. Kids who are nonverbal or have challenged speaking and communication abilities greatly benefit from using these techniques.
- Errorless Teaching - Another successfully applied behavior analysis technique is the errorless teaching method. ABA therapists use errorless teaching to reinforce positive behaviors in autistic children. Errorless teaching is an intervention style that encourages correct response. Mistakes are reduced because children receive many cues. The ABA therapist could give a verbal, visual, or physical gestural pointing to the correct response.
- Peer-Mediated Social Skills Training - Children generally learn social skills better from their peer group than adults. This is why applied behavior analysts use peer-mediated social skills as a form of behavioral therapy. Peer-mediated SST encourages children with disabilities to learn how to engage in social situations on a frequent level. Substantial interactions using peer-mediated social skills training can change how the child interacts with everyone in their life.
There are a plethora of techniques used in Applied Behavior Analysis by the Behavioral Therapists at NYTPS to correct problematic behaviors. Upon the first meeting with your family, your assigned BCBA therapist will discuss these with you to explore the best fit for your family!